Rosa Luxemburg was born on 5 March 1871 in Zamość, a small town in the Lublin region of Russian Poland. During her life, she lived in Warsaw, Zurich, Paris and Berlin, and traveled widely across Europe (England, Holland, Italy, Denmark, Russia, Finland and elsewhere). She was a leading figure in both the Polish and German socialist movements and sat on the Bureau of the Socialist International. Whilst the anniversary of her murder on 15 January 1919 involves commemoration each year in Berlin (and around the world), the anniversary of her birth attracts little attention. Today, on the 141st anniversary of her birth, we should remember one of the most important political figures of the socialist movement for her achievements and actions, and not just for her brutal death at the hands of counter-revolutionaries.
The many faces of Rosa Luxemburg; aged 3 in Warsaw (1874), aged 35 in Warsaw prison during the 1905 Revolution and aged 39 in her Berlin apartment (1910).
For an excellent presentation of Rosa Luxemburg’s life in English, complete with lots of photographs, follow the link to the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation’s ‘Rosa Luxemburg Exhibition’: http://www.rosalux.de/english/foundation/rosa-luxemburg.html (Scroll down halfway to exhibition)