On her 141st Birthday, we should remember Rosa Luxemburg for her life, and not just for her death.

Rosa Luxemburg was born on 5 March 1871 in Zamość, a small town in the Lublin region of Russian Poland. During her life, she lived in Warsaw, Zurich, Paris and Berlin, and traveled widely across Europe (England, Holland, Italy, Denmark, Russia, Finland and elsewhere). She was a leading figure in both the Polish and German socialist movements and sat on the Bureau of the Socialist International. Whilst the anniversary of her murder on 15 January 1919 involves commemoration each year in Berlin (and around the world), the anniversary of her birth attracts little attention. Today, on the 141st anniversary of her birth, we should remember one of the most important political figures of the socialist movement for her achievements and actions, and not just for her brutal death at the hands of counter-revolutionaries.


The many faces of Rosa Luxemburg; aged 3 in Warsaw (1874), aged 35 in Warsaw prison during the 1905 Revolution and aged 39 in her Berlin apartment (1910).

For an excellent presentation of Rosa Luxemburg’s life in English, complete with lots of photographs, follow the link to the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation’s ‘Rosa Luxemburg Exhibition’: http://www.rosalux.de/english/foundation/rosa-luxemburg.html (Scroll down halfway to exhibition)


About rosaluxemburgblog

I was awarded a PhD in History by Swansea University for a thesis on Rosa Luxemburg (2016). I am currently co-editing the fourth volume of 'The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg' and am a member of the Advisory Board of the International Rosa Luxemburg Society.
This entry was posted in On This Day, Rosa Luxemburg. Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to On her 141st Birthday, we should remember Rosa Luxemburg for her life, and not just for her death.

  1. zuzia says:

    Though part of the Russian Empire, Congress Poland was officially a fairly autonomous state at the time. Calling it Russian Poland doesn’t sound right…

    • Zuzia,

      Thanks for your comment. However, from 1867 (following the 1863 Rising) until 1915, the part of Poland occupied by Russia was officially known as ‘Vistula Land’ as part of the unsuccessful attempt to ‘Russify’ the Poles. This area was known informally by many as ‘Russian Poland’ to distinguish it from ‘Prussian Poland’ and ‘Austrian Poland’. The three occupied areas were not re-united until 1918. Under Russian occupation, there was little autonomy for Poles, even less so after the crushing of the 1863 Rising.

Leave a Reply to zuzia Cancel reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s