Photographs from the Amsterdam Congress

Below are photographs from the 1904 Socialist International Congress in Amsterdam, at which Rosa Luxemburg respresented Poland. Several are held in the Kautsky Archives at the International Institute for Social History in Amsterdam.

German Social Democratic Party (SPD) leader August Bebel wags his finger jokingly at Rosa Luxemburg. In between them stands Luise Kautsky, wife of the Austrian Marxist theoretician, known as ‘the Pope of Marxism’, Karl Kautsky.

Rosa Luxemburg and other international socialist leaders, including Karl Kautsky (German), Victor Adler (Austria), Georgii Plekhanov (Russia), Edouard Vaillant (France) and Sen Katayama (Japan).

Members of the International Socialist Bureau (ISB) at the Amsterdam Congress (1904).  For a list of members see earlier post ‘Think you know your leaders of the Second International?’

Dancing at the Congress: Dutch socialist leader Henri Van Kol leads the fun after the day’s debates. Rosa Luxemburg is to the right, in a straw hat. Also in the picture are Karl Kautsky (Germany), Sen Katayama (Japan), Franc Soukup (Czech.) and Clara Zetkin (Germany).

The Congress itself: On the podium are Peter Knudsen (Norway), Pieter Jelles Troelstra (Holland), Rosa Luxemburg (Poland), Sen Katayama (Japan) and Georgii Plekhanov (Russia). The Congress was held in the magnificent De Burcht building, the headquarters of the Dutch diamond workers’ union. The four large tables at in front of the podium hold the delegates of England (left), France (centre left) and Germany (centre right and right). The banner above all of their heads reads ‘Proletariers Van Alle Landen Vereenigt U’ [‘Proletarians of All Lands Unite’].


About rosaluxemburgblog

I was awarded a PhD in History by Swansea University for a thesis on Rosa Luxemburg (2016). I am currently co-editing the fourth volume of 'The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg' and am a member of the Advisory Board of the International Rosa Luxemburg Society.
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