(Above: Marcin Kasprzak (1860- 1905) and the statue of him in Poland)
On 8 September 1905, during the Russian ‘1905 Revolution’, a Polish socialist leader by the name of Marcin Kasprzak was executed in the Warsaw Citadel by the Tsarist authorities.
Kasprzak, aged just 45, had been a mentor and friend of Rosa Luxemburg’s before she left Poland in 1889 and later in exile.
Over a month after the execution, Rosa Luxemburg wrote to her lover and comrade Leo Jogiches, after receiving a ‘sad letter’ from him about Kasprzak:
“Imagine, I dreamed all night last night that Kas[przak] was here and and had spoken with you on party questions while I was listening. When I awoke and realized that everything is over, and forever, I fell into a terrible mood and had no desire to get up. In general, I think about him very often and simply cannot come to terms with this fact.”
Source: Georg Adler, Peter Hudis & Annelies Laschitza (eds.), The Letters of Rosa Luxemburg (London & New York: Verso, 2011), 204