A visit to the Pavilion X of the Warsaw Citadel (where Rosa Luxemburg was imprisoned during the 1905 Revolution)

1906- rosa luxemburg in warsaw prison- iisg- high res IMG_2940 IMG_2943 IMG_2944 IMG_2947 IMG_2950 IMG_2953 IMG_2956

Photos from a visit to the Pavilion X of the Warsaw Citadel, where Rosa Luxemburg was imprisoned for several months in 1906 during the 1905-06 Revolution which rocked the Russian Empire.

Luxemburg was eventually released as a result of a large bail payment made by her family and the German Social-Democratic Party, international pressure, and threats of terrorist reprisals against Tsarist officials by some revolutionaries. She travelled via St Petersburg to Finland, on to Sweden, and eventually returned to Germany. She was never able to return to her native Poland.

Read more about Luxemburg’s experiences in prison in Warsaw (including extracts from her letters) in an earlier blog post here.


About rosaluxemburgblog

I was awarded a PhD in History by Swansea University for a thesis on Rosa Luxemburg (2016). I am currently co-editing the fourth volume of 'The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg' and am a member of the Advisory Board of the International Rosa Luxemburg Society.
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