Photos from a visit to the Pavilion X of the Warsaw Citadel, where Rosa Luxemburg was imprisoned for several months in 1906 during the 1905-06 Revolution which rocked the Russian Empire.
Luxemburg was eventually released as a result of a large bail payment made by her family and the German Social-Democratic Party, international pressure, and threats of terrorist reprisals against Tsarist officials by some revolutionaries. She travelled via St Petersburg to Finland, on to Sweden, and eventually returned to Germany. She was never able to return to her native Poland.
Read more about Luxemburg’s experiences in prison in Warsaw (including extracts from her letters) in an earlier blog post here.